The place of Kuragala is a significantarchaeological site containing of an initial human reimbursement during the past period and ruins of earliest Buddhist Cave temple complex. It’s dating back to the 2ndcenturyin Balangoda of Sri Lanka. It is placed on the Balangoda – Kaltota road nearly 24 km distance from the Balangoda town. The location has been officiallyfamiliar by the Government as an archaeological reserve in Sri Lanka. Kuragala is measured as the oldest archaeological place found in the MiddleRegion.
Affording to the archaeological signs found that Kuragala area had been used by humans fitting to the early historic period. From the diggings, archaeologists found stone tools and fossilized bone fragments. And also, remains of a human skeleton are supposed to be aged more than 8,000 years. Surveys further revealed that the humans lived in Kuragala may had close relations with the coastal areas as it initiates the fragments of seashells and shells of clams. Current studies done in the Kuragala Kaltota Diya winna area have exposed that by the hunting. They had also affianced in agricultural actions as well.
The wide-ranging investigations approved out by the archaeological department at the Kuragala which revealed evidences that the caves at the site were using as a Buddhist monastery during the period in between 3rd century and first century. An archaeological statement on Kuragala area isissued in 1932. There are some documents about the two cave housings and 2nd century Brahmi engravings as well as about the carved stone beams andstaircases and stages. It is located at the foot of the Kuragala brae which called as Budugala area.
Investigates done by both Sri Lankan archaeologists and epigraphers have recognized that emblazoned cave shelters were made for Buddhist monks by donors as religious contributions. Caves offer shelter to them during the yearly rainy season retreat as prearranged in Theravada Buddhist tradition. Being of dribble ledged caves in a site show that they were occupied by Bhikkhus during the past period and epigraphs further disclose the names of contributors who donate the ready caves to them.
At the top of the Kuragala is a brick built Stupa which is now an archaeologically nearing extinctionmemorial. The Stupa is measuredfit in to the tradition of Akasa Chaithya which type of Stupa were constructed since 7thcentury to attend as communication inspirations giving guidelines.
Conferring to the book written by Jailani Mosque it is demanded that there are several writings in Arabic and the direction of the Kaaba is revealed in the form of a mihrab cut into the rock and a gravestone with the words “Darvesh Mohiyadin Darvesh”. And the remnants found when digging to shape the mosquewas placed to rest on the southern side of the mosque. However, all constructions were erected in the 20thcentury with no archeological evidence to support the entitlement.
In year 2013 after the Mosque endeavored to enlarge into the caves and began cover up engravings with cement and abolishing others with focused acid the archeological department interfered and devastated most of the prohibitederections but the mosque remnants.