Anuradhapura is the first ancient capital of Sri Lanka sited in north central province of Sri Lanka. It was the center of Theravada Buddhism for many centuries which is one of the ancient capitals of Sri Lanka. As a UNESCO world heritage site in 1982 due to its ruins of an ancient Sri Lankan civilization called it under the name of Sacred City of Anuradhapura.
Anuradhapura city is themaximumisolated city of the ancient world that times back to 5th Century keep on the grand seat of the kingdom of Sri Lanka until the 11th century. Anuradhapura succeeded as the Capital of Lanka from 377 BC to the end of the reign 1017 AD and was the Royal Seat for 1400 years under 130 kings as the capital of the Country.
Anuradhapura was Sri Lanka’s first well planned City and the First Historical Capital of Sri Lanka founded in 5th century BC gives anattractivesight of a majestic, well laid-out and pre-catholiccity of immense Buddhist shrines and monasteries, marvelous palaces, pavilions, and parks, bathing ponds and vast reservoirs. Many of them are masterworks of architecture, art, sculpture and engineering. Anuradhapura bargains a congregation of memorable explorationhighpoints.
The city had been kept back for the King, his ministers and for commercial activities and the environs had been deliberate as areas helping the city as well as clearances for abstainers. This Location is abounding with reconditionedshrines, restored structures, well-maintained ruins and historical locations where the archaeological diggings are still being continued. Anuradhapura was the frame of magnificent Sinhalese Buddhist civilization.
The conceit of Anuradhapura is the ancient stupas and ancient reservoirs. Towering stupas or dagobas that means pagoda type buildingsof amazing domes. The geniuses of historical civil engineering of Sri Lanka were constructed taking into account the effects of lightening on high-rise constructions among numerous other engineering factors.
The city also comprehends an ancient pipal tree that is supposed to have originally been a branch of the Bo tree at Bodh Gaya that is called Bihar and Indiaunder which Gautama Buddha attained Enlightenment.Other attractions at Anuradhapura are splendid rock carvings of immensewealth and amazingelegance, colossal stone supports that stand proud among the ruins of royal palaces such as Buddhist cloisters and place of worship, glorious stone cut swimming pools with cultured hydrological engineering methods.
The Thuparama Dagaba which preserves a collar-bone relic of the Buddha, the Isurumuniya Rock Temple which is a treasure trove of sculptures that the 2,200 year old Sri Maha Bodhi which is named Sacred Bo Tree. It is the world’s oldest historical tree of the 1st century BC Abhayagiri and 3rd century AD Jetawana Dagabas 380 FT and 400 FT in height individually are second in height only to ancient Egypt’s two largest pyramids at Gizeh.
Anuradhapura’s three key ancient lakes are Tissawewa, Nuwarawewa in the south and Basawakulama in the north nurtured its agriculture and decorated the capital for nearly two millennia as it does today.The city is the control center of Sri Lanka’s archaeological reviewand tourism is animportant factor in its economy.